Words from Greek

Study Words

  1. lethargy
  2. android
  3. chronic
  4. biopsy
  5. irony
  6. automaton
  7. enthusiasm
  8. synopsis
  9. homogeneous
  10. odyssey
  11. megalopolis
  12. acme [1]
  13. synonym
  14. orthodox
  15. aristocracy
  16. calypso
  17. patriarch
  18. hierarchy
  19. character [2]
  20. isobar
  21. asterisk
  22. eclectic
  23. melancholy
  24. stoic
  25. chronology
  26. eulogy
  27. didactic
  28. cosmetic
  29. Spartan
  30. geothermal
  31. cynical [3]
  32. homonym
  33. cryptic
  34. hypothesis
  35. academy
  36. pentathlon
  37. antibiotic
  38. diatribe
  39. etymology
  40. hydraulic [4]
  41. trauma
  42. hygiene
  43. semantics
  44. thesaurus
  45. phenomenon [5]
  46. cosmos
  47. protagonist
  48. acronym
  49. paradox
  50. synchronous
  51. misanthropy
  52. sarcasm
  53. ephemeral
  54. polygon
  55. nemesis
  56. syntax
  57. eureka
  58. topography
  59. panic
  60. apostrophe
  61. geranium
  62. metaphor
  63. spherical
  64. xylophone [6]
  65. dynamic
  66. myriad
  67. epiphany
  68. apathy
  69. synergy
  70. amnesia
  71. philanthropy
  72. democracy
  73. strategy [7]
  74. diagnosis
  75. topical
  76. matriarch
  77. endemic
  78. analysis [8]
  79. rhetoric
  80. eponym
  81. agnostic
  82. dogma
  83. idiom
  84. thermal
  85. dyslexia
  86. Olympian
  87. allegory
  88. pragmatic
  89. adamant
  90. protocol
  91. tragic
  92. hydrology
  93. polymer
  94. notochord
  95. biblical
  96. ergonomic
  97. mathematics
  98. tachometer
  99. protein
  100. rhinoceros
  101. hyphen
  102. autopsy
  103. pyre
  104. herpetology
  105. angelic
  106. tritium
  107. androcentric
  108. demotic
  109. geode
  110. hedonism
  111. periscope
  112. geoponics
  113. asthmogenic
  114. monotonous
  115. amphibious
  116. symbiosis
  117. macron
  118. periphery

Challenge Words

  1. dichotomy
  2. misogynist
  3. hypocrisy
  4. diphthong
  5. mnemonic
  6. anomaly
  7. zephyr
  8. hippopotamus
  9. euphemism
  10. anachronism
  11. metamorphosis
  12. hyperbole
  13. arachnid
  14. paradigm
  15. Eocene
  16. gynarchy
  17. pneumatic
  18. Hemerocallis
  19. cynosure
  20. philhellenism
  21. euthanasia
  22. philately
  23. cacophony

Spelling Tips

  1. 1 In a few words from Greek, e appears at the end of a word and has long e sound \ē\: Some examples are acme, apostrophe, and hyperbole.
  2. 2 A \k\ sound in English often represents a sound from Greek that we don't actually use, and the most common spelling of this sound in English is ch: See anachronism, arachnid, character, chronic, chronology, dichotomy, hierarchy, matriarch, melancholy, patriarch, synchronous, notochord, tachometer, and gynarchy.
  3. 3 The most frequent sound that y gets in words from Greek is short i (\i\) as in acronym, calypso, cryptic, cynical, dyslexia, eponym, homonym, myriad, Olympian, synchronous, synergy, synonym, synopsis, syntax, symbiosis and polymer.
  4. 4 A long i sound (\ī\) in a word that comes from Greek is sometimes represented by y, especially after h, as in hydraulic, hydrology, hygiene, hyperbole, hyphen, hypothesis, dynamic, cynosure, gynarchy, xylophone and pyre.
  5. 5 In ancient Greek, the letter phi (pronounced \fī\) represented a breathy or "aspirated" version of the sound that is represented in English by f. Speakers of Roman-alphabet languages did not have this sound or a corresponding letter, so they substituted the \f\ sound but memorialized the original sound of phi by using ph to spell it. As a result, the English \f\ sound almost always appears as ph in words of Greek origin. Consider, for example: amphibious, apostrophe, cacophony, diphthong, epiphany, euphemism, hyphen, metamorphosis, metaphor, periphery, phenomenon, philanthropy, philately, philhellenism, spherical, topography, xylophone, and zephyr. Hundreds of words in English derived from Greek show this spelling.
  6. 6 The letter o is the vowel most often used to connect two Greek word elements. If the connecting vowel sound is a schwa (\ə\) as in xylophone, notochord, orthodox, ergonomic, geoponics, and asthmogenic and you must guess at the spelling of this sound, the letter o is a very good guess. The non–study-list words hypnotist, geometric, and electrolyte are among the many, many words made of Greek word elements connected by o.
  7. 7 The \j\ sound is always spelled with g in words from Greek. Why? When the \j\ sound appears in words of Greek origin, it does so as an anglicized pronunciation of a root originally pronounced with a hard g. Note that no j appears in any of the words on this list!
  8. 8 A schwa in words from Greek is occasionally spelled with y: See analysis, etymology, misogynist, odyssey, and zephyr.