Words from Old English

Study Words

  1. quell [1]
  2. barrow
  3. dearth
  4. bower
  5. paddock
  6. blithe
  7. keen
  8. mongrel
  9. reckless
  10. alderman
  11. whirlpool
  12. belay [2]
  13. cleanser
  14. dreary [3]
  15. bequeath
  16. sallow [4]
  17. dross
  18. lithe
  19. gristle
  20. earwig
  21. fickle
  22. nestle [5]
  23. fennel
  24. nostril
  25. abide
  26. behest
  27. slaughter [6]
  28. gospel
  29. furlong
  30. linseed
  31. nether
  32. fathom
  33. nightingale
  34. farthing
  35. threshold
  36. kith
  37. wanton
  38. loam [7]
  39. yield
  40. mattock
  41. hawthorn
  42. tithe
  43. behoove
  44. forlorn
  45. quiver
  46. hustings
  47. aspen
  48. mermaid
  49. anvil
  50. barley
  51. linden
  52. hassock
  53. orchard
  54. hearth [8]
  55. watery
  56. fiend
  57. goatee
  58. earthenware
  59. windily
  60. dealership
  61. bookkeeping
  62. fiery
  63. learned
  64. nosiest
  65. creepy
  66. errand
  67. daily
  68. gnat
  69. broadleaf
  70. stringy
  71. dairy
  72. workmanship
  73. newfangled
  74. timely
  75. dogged
  76. mootable
  77. womanly
  78. manhandle
  79. folksiness
  80. worrisome
  81. roughhewn
  82. knavery
  83. hurdle
  84. kipper
  85. hundredth
  86. icicle
  87. pinafore
  88. yieldable
  89. hue

Challenge Words

  1. heifer
  2. mistletoe
  3. salve
  4. kirtle
  5. Wiccan
  6. shrieval
  7. chary

Spelling Tips

  1. 1 Old English likes double consonants following short vowels, especially if the vowel is in a stressed syllable. Examples include quell, paddock, mattock, sallow, fennel, hassock, errand, barrow, kipper, and Wiccan.
  2. 2 A long a sound (\ā\) at the end of words from Old English is nearly always spelled ay as in belay.
  3. 3 Long e (\ē\) at the end of an adjective or adverb from Old English is nearly always spelled with y. Examples include dreary, watery, windily, fiery, creepy, daily, stringy, timely, womanly, and chary.
  4. 4 Long o (\ō\) at the end of words from Old English is typically spelled with ow as in sallow and barrow. By contrast, a long o at the end of a word in many languages that English has borrowed from is simply spelled with o.
  5. 5 When the syllable \səl\ ends words from Old English, it is nearly always spelled stle, with the t being silent (as in gristle and nestle).
  6. 6 Silent gh after a vowel is common in words from Old English, as in slaughter. Silent gh usually appears after i in words like plight (not on the study list) and nightingale, and it signals that the vowel is pronounced \ī\.
  7. 7 The vowel combination oa in words from Old English is nearly always pronounced as long o (\ō\) as in loam and goatee. Examples not on the study list include shoal, boastful, and gloaming.
  8. 8 Silent e on the end or not? For words from Old English that end in either hard th (\th\) or soft th (\th\), remember this: More often than not, soft th will have a silent e at the end of the word. Consider, for example, bequeath, dearth, kith, hearth, and hundredth versus blithe, lithe, and tithe. Interestingly, the word blithe can be pronounced both ways.